More likely landing airports are Milan "Malpensa", Milan "Linate", Milan "Orio al Serio" (located in Bergamo, hub for many low-cost airlines) and Bologna "G. Marconi" (advised).
All these airport provide shuttle bus services to the corresponding central stations in Milan or Bologna (5 to 7 Euros), running until around 11 pm. Tickets are sold on board.
High-speed trains (Trenitalia Frecciarossa or Frecciargento, NTV Italo) reach Bologna Centrale station or Reggio Emilia Mediopadana station. Bologna Centrale can be reached from Rome in little more than 2 hours and from Florence in 35 minutes, Reggio Emilia in 2.5 hours from Rome and 70 minutes from Florence.
From Reggio Emilia Mediopadana high-speed train station, Parma can be reached by the Italobus service (included in the train price if you have traveled by NTV Italo high- speed train). Be aware that no direct train connections exist between Reggio Emilia Mediopadana station and Parma station.
Parma railway station is in the North of the city, 10 minutes' walk from the city center and at walking distance (up to 15 minutes) to most hotels.
Located at the access points of the town there are the exchange car parks, free and open 24 hours a day. You can leave your car there and reach the city center by shuttle buses.
Indoor toll parking is available closer to the center of town, as well as along the city streets, marked by blue lines: toll parking in the mornings and afternoons using park meters, free around lunchtime and at night. Prices may vary depending on the location.
The historical center of Parma is a Limited Traffic Zone (ZTL) controlled by cameras working every day, including festivities. During the day, access to the city center is allowed only to residents or to foreigners lodging in the hotels in the center.
The city’s central location within Italy makes it easy to reach the sea, the Alps or the most famous Italian art cities from Parma, thanks to excellent motorway and railway connections.
Rome, Florence, and Venice are about 3h, 1.5h, and 2.5h away from Parma by high- speed train, or about 4.5 h, 2h, 3h by car, respectively.